About Hospet Taluk

Hospet taluk takes its name from its headquaters town. The headquarters town is about 64 kms away from Ballari city.It was built by Vijayanagara empire between 1509 and 1520 in honour of Nagaladevi whom he married.

The taluk is bounded on the north by the Gangavathi taluk of Koppal district, on the south by Sandur taluk,on the east by the Ballari taluk and on the west by H B Halli taluk.

Hospet taluk is the smallest in area and occupies second place in population among seven taluks. The geographical area of the taluk is 934 sq.km. and population is 3,74,949 as per 2001 census. This accounts for 18.49 p.c. of district’s population and its area accounts for 11 p.c. Hospet is revenue sub-division headquarters with 4 taluks. Hospet has 4 R I circles.

Cultivation

The normal rainfall is 658.3 mm. The major crops grown are paddy, maize, jowara, bajra, groundnut, sunflower, sugarcane and cotton. The net irrigated area constitute 19961 hec. (53 p.c.).TB canals cover 8714 hec.(44 p.c.) and other source of irrigation is through wells,lift irrigation,tanks and borewells.

Details of Irrigated Land Under Different Water Sources in Hospet Taluk
Sl.No
Particulars
Area (Hectares)
Percent
1
Tunga Badra Project - High Level Canal
5000
25.05
2

Tunga Badra Project - Low Level Canal

a. Perennial
b.Wet
c.DCW

 

1992
347
1375

 

09.98
01.74
06.89
Total Tunga Badra Project
8717
43.66
3
Lift Irrigation
1496
07.49
4
Tanks
624
03.13
5
Wells/Borewells
3050
15.28
6
Vijayanagar Canal
6077
30.44
Total area under irrigination
19961
100.00

 

Net Cultivable Area (in Hectares)
Irrigated
Rainfed
Total
19961 (53 p.c)
17885 (47 p.c)
37846 (100 p.c)

Industrialisation

Industrialization is one of the important means of promoting economic development of the country. Hospet is one of the important towns in the districts where industrialization taking place rapidly. In this taluk there are 2974 industrial units with an investment of Rs. 3994.20 lakh. These units provide employment to 15602 persons. Among medium and large scale units Tungabhadra minerals (Iron ore), Sandur manganese and Iron ores, Vyasanakere (Ferrosilicon, Ferro manganese), K.O.F. limited (Oil, Oilcake, Oils Seeds), Pumpasara distillery ltd., (Rectified spirit and I.M.FI, India Sugar’s and Refinance (Sugar), Minerals Sales private ltd., (Sponge Iron) and Tungabhadra Steel Products, (Engineering design and fabrication).

There are 1452 Rural artisans whose activity comprises of Carpentry, Blacksmith, Barbers, Goldsmith, Pottery, Cotton weaving, Silk weaving, Mat weaving and Mirror Embroidery.

Statistics at a Glance

CENSUS OF INDIA - 2001
Results Hospet taluk vis-à-vis District vis-à-vis State
Subject
Hospet Taluk
Ballari District
Karnataka State
1991
2001
1991
2001
1991
2001
Number of revenue Villages
74
68
542
524
29193
Number of hoblies
4
4
27
27
745
745
Number of Gram Panchayats
-
22
-
199
-
6021
Corporations
-
-
-
1
218
228
CMC's
1
1
2
1
Town Muncipal Council
-
1
1
1
Town Panchayats
-
1
7
7
ZP Members
-
4
-
32
-
890
TP Members
-
13
-
112
-
3288
GP Memebrs
-
352
-
2586
-
80073
Area in Sq. Km
934
934
8447
8447
191792
191792
Total Population (in lakhs)
3.13
3.74
16.56
20.27
449.77
528.51
Male Population (in lakhs)
1.59
1.89
8.42
40.28
229.52
268.99
Female Population (in lakhs)
1.54
1.85
8.14
9.97
220.25
259.52
Decadal Growth Rate - p.c
18.00
19.49
26.84
22.30
21.12
17.25
Population Density ( per Sq.Km)
335
401
196
240
235
275
Sex Ratio (females per 1000 males)
964
979
966
969
960
964
0-6 Population - p.c
18.47
13.90
19.35
14.06
16.63
12.94
Rural Population (in Percent)
125859 (40.22)
153184 (41.00)
1125746 (67.98)
1320290 (65.13)
31069412 (69.07)
34889033 (66.01)
Urban Population (in Percent)
187038 (59.78)
220481 (59.00)
530254 (32.02)
706850 (34.87)
13907788 (32.93)
17961529 (33.99)
SC Population (in percent)
62441 (19.95)
75780 (20.21)
311252 (18.79)
374218 (18.46)
7369279 (16.38)
8563930 (16.20)
ST Population (in percent)
40525 (2.27)
60491 (16.13)
147569 (8.91)
364638 (17.99)
1915691 (4.25)
3463986 (6.55)
Literacy - p.c
42.00
60.64
45.89
58.55
56.04
67.04
Male Literacy - p.c
51.00
74.95
59.11
70.20
67.26
76.29
Female Literacy -p.c
31.00
52.92
32.24
46.58
44.34
57.25

 

Composite Comprehensive Development Index , 2001 - Hospet Taluk
Sl. No
Subject
Relatively Developed
Backward
More Backward
Most Backward
1
2
3
4
5
6
1 Literacy Rate
-
-
ü
-
2 Percentage of children out school in (6-14) age group
-
ü
-
-
3 Pupil - Teacher Ratio
-
-
ü
-
4 Educational Infrastructure Index
ü
-
-
-
5 Number of students enrolled in Govt. and Aided degree colleges per lakh
ü
-
-
-
6 Number of Hospital beds per 10,000 population
-
-
ü
-
7 Number of doctors per 10,000 population
-
-
ü
-
8 Health Infrastructure Index
-
-
ü
-
9 Drinking water facility
-
ü
-
-
10 Social Infrastructure
-
ü
-
-
Source : Dr. Nanjundappa Committee Report

Infrastructure Stats

Sl.No
Particulars
Unit
Number
Education
1
Lower Primary Schools
Number
79
2
Higher Primary Schools
Number
111
3
High Schools
Number
09
4
P U Colleges
Number
06
5
Moaraji Desai Schools
Number
01
6
Residential Schools
Number
00
7
Benificiaries under Akshara Dashoha
Number
37052
8
Enrolment in schools (6-14) children
Percent
99
9
Engineering Colleges
Number
01
10
Polytechnic Colleges
Number
01
11
Medical Colleges
Number
00
12
Ayurvedic Colleges
Number
00
13
Pharmacy Colleges
Number
00
Note: Dr.Nanjundappa Committee report says Hospet taluk is a developed taluk as far as infrastructure development related to Education sector is concerned. However this taluk is either more backward or most backward at literacy levels and pupil teacher ratio. Because of various interventions under S S A program the dropout rates have considerably come down in this taluk.
Health
1
Medical Collges Hospitals
Number
00
2
Primary Heath Centres
Number
07
3
Health Sub-Centres
Number
27
4
Primary Health Units
Number
03
5
Govt. Ayurvedic Hospitals
Number
01
6
Govt. Ayurvedic Dispensaries
Number
18
7
Govt. Homeophathy Dispensaries
Number
00
8
Govt. Unany Dispensaries
Number
00
9
Fogging Machines
Number
12
10
Ambulances
Number
02
Note: According to Dr.Nanjundappa’s committee report this taluk is more backward as far as infrastucture development is concerned.However the health conditions status in the taluk/district causing concern.The incidence of Aids,Polio,JE and Dengue fever etc.,the most uncommon diseses are prevalent in this district.
Social Welfare
1
Pre-metric hostels for boys
Number
05
2
Pre-metric hostels for boys- strength
Number
415
3
Pre-metric hostels for girls
Number
04
4
Pre-metric hosptels for girls - strength
Number
230
5
Post-metrict hostels for boys
Number
02
6
Post-metric hostels for boys - strength
Number
100
7
Post-metric hostels for girls
Number
01
8
Post-metric hostels for girls - strength
Number
50
9
Morarji Desai Schools
Number
02
10
Morarji Desai Schools - strength
Number
500
Note: During 2003-04, out of 888 hostel inmates who appeared for SSLC exam. 148 (or 17 p.c.) students have secured first class,175 (or 20 p.c.) second class and 318 (or 36 p.c.) third class.
B C M
1
Pre-metric hostels for boys
Number
03
2
Pre-metric hostels for boys - strength
Number
150
3
Pre-metric hostels for girls
Number
01
4
Pre-metric hostels for girls - strength
Number
50
5
Post-metric hostels for boys
Number
01
6
Post-metric hostels for boys - strength
Number
100
7
Post-metric hostels for girls
Number
00
8
Post-metric hostels for girls - strength
Number
00
9
Ashrama Schools (Boys and Girls)
Number
01
10
Ashrama School - strength
Number
25
11
Morarji Desai Schools (Boys & Girls)
Number
00
12
Morarji Desai Schools - strength
Number
00
13
Tailor Training Centres
Number
00
14
Tailor Training Centres - strength
Number
00
15
GIA Pre-metric hsotels - boys - BC
Number
01
16
GIA Hostels - BC - strength
Number
40
17
GIA Pre-metric hostels - Girls - Minorities
Number
02
18
GIA Hostels - Minorities - strength
Number
150
Note: During 2003-04, out of 477 hostel inmates who appeared for SSLC exam. 122 (or 26 p.c) students have secured first class, 125 (or 26 p.c), second class and 153 (or 32 p.c) third class.
Women and Child
1
Anganwadi Centres
Number
202
2
Anganwadi centres with own buildings
Number
142
3
Nutrition - benificiaries - (0-6) children
Number
14129
4
Nutrition - benificiaries - pregnant and mothers
Number
3692
5
Shtree Shakthi groups
Number
454
6
Members in Shtree Shalkthi groups
Number
6845
7
Bank linkages provided
No. of groups
305
8
Savings
Rs. lakhs
90.61
Note: The members of Shree Shakthi groups are preferred for assigning responsibilities like cooking jobs under Akshara Dasoha, Tax Collection at Grama Panchayat Level.
Agriculture
1
Cultivators - Male (2001 census)
Number
18512
2
Cultivators - Female (2001 census)
Number
7204
3
Cultivators - Total (2001 census)
Number
25716
4
Agriculture Labourers - Male
Number
23790
5
Agriculture Labourers - Female
Number
24612
6
Agriculture Labourers - Total
Number
48402
Animal Husbandry
1
Veternary Hospitals
Number
01
2
Dispensaries
Number
05
3
Primary Vet. Centres
Number
00
4
Mobile Vet. Dispensaries
Number
01
5
Total Animal population
Number
150830
Fisheries
1
Irrigation tanks
Number
28
2
Fish ponds
Number
36
3
Fishermen
Number
10100
4
Average annual production
M. Tones
2922
Forest
1 Area under forest
Hectares
20120
2 Area under forest to Total Area
Percentage
22
Roads
1
National Highways
Km
67
2
State Highways
Km
11
3
District Roads
Km
173
4
Other district roads
Km
00
5
Rural Roads
Km
189
6
T D B Roads
Km
195
7
Irrigation Roads
Km
45
Total Length
Km
680
8
Length of Railway line
Km
95
Rural Drinking Water
1
Flouride affected villages
Number
61
2
Borewells
Number
762
3
Mini Water Supply schemes
Number
82
4
Piped Water Supply schemes
Number
56
Note: One third of villages in the district are flouride affected. Alternative proposed are surface water and de-flouride filters
Below Poverty Line (BPL)
1
BPL households as per 1997 Census
Number
9614
2
BPL households as per 1997 Census
percent
39.65

Places of Interest

(a) Tungabadhra Dam:

The picturesque dam which has become a centre of turist attraction is just 6 kms from Hospet.There are three guest houses viz.,Vaikunta,Kailasa and Indra Bhavana which provides wonderful views of the reservoir.

(b) Kamalapura:

It is an old city of Vijayanagara empire.There is a fort and a stone well. An Archaeological Museum established in 1953 is maintained by the ASI. This has been started to exhibit architectural pieces of Vijayanagara period, to the public for explaining the culture and life of those days.

(c) Kampi:

This historical town was once the Chalukyan capital (1064).It was the headquarters of what is now Hospet taluk which was then known as Kampli taluk.There is fort built by Palayagars of Ballari.

(d) Mariammanahalli:

A large number of families of villages sumerged under TB dam project have been rehabilitated in this village. I is 11kms from Hospet town.

(e) Hampi:

Hampi which is recognised as international turist centre is on the bank of Tungabadhra.It is on world heritage map as recognised by the UNESCO.It is the capital of Vijayanagara empire which had attracted the attention from all over the world for its sculpture,art and wealth.The destruction of this great city was sudden and shocking.The ruins spread over an area of nine square miles.